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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 10. P. 95-100. ISSN 1993-5552.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Biological Sciences
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WHEAT AND ITS WILD CONGENERS: 4. SPECIFICS OF DIGENOMIC WHEAT SPECIES MORPHOGENESIS

Murashev Vladimir Vladimirovich, Morozova Zoya Alekseevna
Lomonosov Moscow State University


Abstract. Against the background of the general regularities of digenomic wheats organogenesis the article describes the parameters determining the specific peculiarities of annual cereals morphogenesis: 1) growth functions of species; 2) the intensity and rhythm of the growth of the elements of the metameres of rudimentary leading shoot into functioning organs (leaf primordia - into leaves; axillary buds - into sprouts; generative tubercles - into cones and flowers; insertion discs - into the nodes and internodes of sprout and the segments of ear core); 3) the type and rate of a form development (spring crops, winter crops, fast-ripening and late-ripening ones).
Key words and phrases: морфогенез, фитомеры, листовой примордий, почка (открытая, зрелая), апикальные меристемы, зачаточный главный побег, жизненная форма, габитус, регуляторные системы, morphogenesis, phytomers, leaf primordium, bud (open, mature), apical meristems, rudimentary leading shoot, life form, habitus, regulatory systems.
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