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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 8. P. 33-37. ISSN 1993-5552.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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FORMATION OF THE RUSSIAN-SPEAKING COMMUNITY IN THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA IN THE 1920-1930S

Zverev Kirill Aleksandrovich
Kostroma


Abstract. The article examines the process of the formation and development of the Russian-speaking diaspora in the Republic of Estonia in the 1920-1930s, and also the policy of the young Estonian state in relation to national minorities. The paper describes both difficulties, which the Russian-speaking population faced in the mentioned period, and the specificity of the Russian-speaking diaspora of Estonia in comparison with other national minorities of the country (the Germans, the Finns, and the Swedes). The causes and effects of Estonian state policy in relation to national minorities are analyzed.
Key words and phrases: русскоязычное население, национальные меньшинства, диаспора, национальная политика, титульная нация, эстонизация, самоорганизация, Russian-speaking population, national minorities, diaspora, national policy, titular ethnic group, Estonization, self-organization.
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