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SOURCE:   Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 12. Part 4. P. 97-101. ISSN 1997-2911.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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REGULAR MODELS OF SEMANTIC DERIVATION IN THE LANGUAGES OF DIFFERENT STRUCTURE (BY THE MATERIAL OF THE VERBAL PREDICATES OF A PHYSICAL PROCESS)

Kiseleva Larisa Airatovna, Todosienko Zarrina Vladislavovna
Bashkir State University


Abstract. The article aims to analyze the universal models of semantic derivation in the sphere of verbal predicates of a physical process in the Russian, English and Tatar languages. The originality of the paper is conditioned by the fact that these models were not previously subjected to detailed analysis within the framework of comparative linguistics. The authors focus on such types of indirect nomination as metaphorical and metonymical transfer. The paper identifies that among the former the following models are the most productive: "physical process ? emotional sphere"; "physical process ? physiological state"; among the latter - "physical process ? physical action"; "physical process ? physiological state".
Key words and phrases: семантическая деривация, метафора, метонимия, русский язык, английский язык, татарский язык, semantic derivation, metaphor, metonymy, Russian language, English language, Tatar language.
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