MYTH-FOLKLORIC CONCEPTIONS OF THE JAPANESE GODS - GATE KEEPERS
Sadokova Anastasiya Ryurikovna Lomonosov Moscow State University
Abstract. The article analyzes mythological stories and legends associated with the cult of the Japanese gods - gate keepers, who are meant to protect the house or temple from penetration of evil spirits. It is shown that the majority of such stories are associated with the images of stone lion-dog statues komainu, who are the material implementation of the gods - gate keepers. The author mentions the tradition observance in the modern forms of worshipping these gods and the functioning of these stories in church and local folklore. The paper emphasizes the diversity of the gods - gate keepers’ functions implemented in the komainu image, which allows the author to conclude on ancient and stable folkloric and mythological relations of these gods with protective and productive magic typical of the gods of the Japanese Shinto pantheon.
Key words and phrases: народная культура, народный синтоизм, фольклорно-мифологические представления, бог - хранитель ворот, "собакольвы"-комаину, культ волка, мифологический герой Ямато-такэру, folk culture, folk Shinto, folkloric and mythological conceptions, god - gate keeper, lions-dogs komainu, wolf cult, mythological hero Yamato Takeru.
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