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SOURCE:   Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 3. P. 15-19. ISSN 1997-2911.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2019.3.3

DIFFERENTIAL FEATURES OF SYNONYMIC CHAINS OF ADJECTIVES OF SIZE WITH THE MEANING "SMALL SIZE" BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Grintsova Ol'ga Vasil'evna, Solmanidina Natal'ya Viktorovna
Penza State University of Architecture and Construction


Submitted: 25.01.2019.
Abstract. The article examines differential features of synonymic chains of adjectives with the meaning "small size" by the example of the English language. The authors justify the existence of etymologically tinged words among the adjectives and examine the ways to replenish this stratum of the English vocabulary. It is shown that the majority of primordial adjectives in this lexico-semantic group were replenished by means of affixes. The internal form of many adjectives turns out to be a motivated original unit, which makes the part of a word’s semantics, which correlates with its motivation attribute, more vivid. Motivation is one of the most important means of the emotional and expressive component of a word. The paper argues that borrowings are one of the most productive ways of nomination in the English language.
Key words and phrases: дифференциальный признак, синонимический ряд, пространственные прилагательные размера, семантические связи, квантификация, экспрессивность, эмоциональность, differential feature, synonymic chain, spatial adjectives of size, semantic relations, quantification, expressivity, emotionality.
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