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SOURCE:   Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 3. P. 197-201. ISSN 1997-2911.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2019.3.40

THE PARTICLE "БЫ" IN SENTENCES WITH ADVERSATIVE RELATIONS EXPRESSED BY THE CONJUNCTION "НО"

Wang Ruzhen
Far Eastern Federal University


Submitted: 11.01.2019.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the role of the particle "бы" as an element participating in the expression of one of the types of syntactic relations - adversative ones. The semantics of adversative relations and the means of their expression are described. The facts of using the particle "бы" in sentences with adversative relations expressed by the conjunction "но" are systematised and analysed. The material is collected from the National Corpus of the Russian language. As a result of the analysis, it has been found out that the particle "бы" participates actively in constructions with the semantics of discrepancy, in adversative-concessive and adversative-intensifying constructions.
Key words and phrases: частица "бы", противительные отношения, союз "но", модальные значения, конструкция с семантикой несоответствия, противительно-уступительная конструкция, противительно-выделительная конструкция, particle "бы", adversative relations, conjunction "но", modal meanings, construction with semantics of discrepancy, adversative-concessive construction, adversative-intensifying construction.
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