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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2012. № 6. Part 2. P. 153-156. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Study of Art
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NATIONAL TRADITIONS IN SOUTHERN URAL RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE FORMATION OF THE XVIIITH-XIXTH CENTURIES

Ponomarenko Elena Vladimirovna
Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences


Abstract. The author considers the features of the main ethnic groups' dwellings in Southern Ural of the XVIIIth - the first half of the XIXth century, conducts the analysis of national architectural traditions and their embodiment in concrete structures basing on eyewitnesses' recollections and archival researches, and reveals portable and stationary dwellings main types by material, planning layout and farmstead territory planning, as well as the peculiarities of the interior organization of ethnic groups' national dwellings.
Key words and phrases: переносные типы жилища, временные и постоянные жилища, жилища башкир и татар, усадьбы марийцев, удмуртов и чувашей, жилые сооружения мордвы и русских, образцовые проекты жилых зданий, portable dwelling types, temporary and permanent dwellings, Bashkirs and Tatars' dwellings, Mari, Udmurt and Chuvash farmsteads, Mordovians and Russians' residential constructions, exemplary projects of residential buildings.
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