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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 6. Part 1. P. 15-18. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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NIZHNY NOVGOROD MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT BODIES’ WORK IN SOCIAL SPHERE IN THE YEARS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR

Arhipova Natal'ya Evgen'evna
Volga State Academy of Water Transport


Abstract. The article touches upon the attempts of Nizhny Novgorod municipal government bodies to cope with the economic crisis, which spread over the country in the years of the First World War. With a view to social assistance to the population the municipal authorities opened a bakery, a dairy farm, a pharmacy, organized a giving out of ration cards, financial aid to the families of their workers, and introduced fixed rates on first-necessity goods. But the authorities failed to solve food and fuel problems. Just during the war years a long-expected sewage system was constructed and put into operation in Nizhny Novgorod for the first time.
Key words and phrases: продовольственный, дровяной кризисы, такса, городские лавки, хлебопекарня, молочная ферма, продовольственные карточки, пенсионная касса, лазареты, аптека, канализация, food, firewood crises, fixed rate, urban shops, bakery, dairy farm, ration cards, pension bank office, infirmaries, pharmacy, sewage system.
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