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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 12. Part 2. P. 131-133. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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THEORY OF "TRUE TOWNS" AND URBANIZATION PROCESS IN THE SOUTH URAL REGION

Kuchumov Igor' Vil'sovich
R. G. Кuzeev Institute for Ethnological Studies of Ufa Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Abstract. The article examines the drawbacks of the existing scientific typology of urban settlements. It is noted that in scientific literature the administrative criteria of the town definition are used, which leads to the underestimation of the number of urban population and the rates of the country urbanization. The author by the example of the South Ural region proposes to expand the number of towns at the expense of the settlements, which are urban in fact, but aren’t officially recognized yet.
Key words and phrases: город, городское поселение, урбанизация, истинные города, демография, урбанистика, Урал, Башкирия, town, urban settlement, urbanization, true towns, demography, urban geography, the Ural region, Bashkiria.
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References:
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  2. Gallyamov R. R. Mnogonatsional'nyi gorod: etnosotsiologicheskie ocherki. Ufa: Gilem, 1996. 200 s.
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  4. Kuchumov I. V. K problemam identichnosti i mezhkul'turnogo vzaimodeistviya (na primere russkogo naseleniya Bashkortostana) / Institut etnologicheskikh issledovanii Ufimskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. Ufa, 2009. 156 s.
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  6. Semenov-Tyan-Shanskii V. P. Gorod i derevnya v Evropeiskoi Rossii: ocherk po ekonomicheskoi geografii s 16 kartami i kartogrammami. SPb.: Tipografiya V. F. Kirshbauma, 1910. 212 s.

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