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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 7. Part 1. P. 115-121. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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SYMBOL AS MECHANISM OF COLLECTIVE MEMORY IN TRADITIONAL CULTURE OF THE KYRGYZ (BY THE EXAMPLE OF TENGRI AS SYMBOL OF UNITY OF THE WORLD)

Osmonova Nurgul Israilovna
Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named after B. N. Yeltsin


Abstract. Basing on Yu. M. Lotman’s theory of symbol the article undertakes an attempt to reveal the meaning and sense of Tengri as a symbol of the unity of the world, which is both a universal (panhuman), national and local (ethnic) element of culture. The author substantiates the position that Tengri (Tenir) as a symbol of the unity of cosmos, nature, god, ancestor, which merge into a single image - "The Universe", is one of the universal mechanisms of the collective memory of the ancient Turkic culture including the Kyrgyz.
Key words and phrases: символ, коллективная память, Тенгри (Тенир), символ единства мира, Вселенная, Космос, природа, бог, первопредок, триединая природа символа, традиционная культура кыргызов, древнетюркское общество, symbol, collective memory, Tengri (Tenir), symbol of unity of the world, Universe, Cosmos, nature, god, ancestor, triune nature of symbol, the Kyrgyz traditional culture, the ancient Turkic society.
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