ECCLESIASTICAL COURTS IN TUDOR ENGLAND: SPECIFICS AND JURISDICTION
Palamarchuk Anastasiya Andreevna Saint Petersburg State University
Abstract. The article presents a survey of the regional specifics and jurisdiction of ecclesiastical courts in England during the reign of the Tudor dynasty. In the English version the courts of ecclesiastical jurisdiction almost never came out as a self-sufficient and closed autonomy being under pressure both from the Crown and the common law courts. The paper identifies the dependency of the ecclesiastical courts activity, on the one hand, on the process of the Tudor dynasty development, and, on the other hand, on corporate rivalry between the canonical and common law courts. Established still in the Middle Ages the amount of jurisdiction of English ecclesiastical courts in the Reformation period was actively controlled by the Crown. The article describes mechanisms for the interaction of the canonical law courts with the Crown and other social administrative and legal institutions, which changed during the reign of the first Tudors.
Key words and phrases: церковный суд, каноническое право, praemunire, десятина, диффамация, Реформация, Тюдоры, Англия, ecclesiastical court, canonical law, praemunire, tithe, defamation, Reformation, the Tudors, England.
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