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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 4. Part 1. P. 154-158. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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ARCHETYPE OF MOTHERHOOD IN "THE NART SAGAS"

Sabanchieva Lyubov' Khabizhevna
Kabardian-Balkarian Institute of Humanities Researches


Abstract. The article examines the archetype of motherhood personified in the images of Satanei and Satanaya - the central personages of the Adyghe and Karachay-Balkarian epos. The material under study representing not only the specifics of the myth-poetical spatial-temporal model but also the subsequent chronotopes indicated that Satanei-guashi and Satanaya images are not only archaic but also dynamic and polysemantic. Their maternal element has undergone evolution from "virgin" mother to traditional one. Contrary to the majority of other researchers the author argues for the ambivalent nature of the maternal element thus rejecting its excessive idealization. The paper traces the evolution of the opposition "mother - child".
Key words and phrases: эпос "Нарты", архетип материнства (материнское начало), амбивалентный образ матери, мать всех нартов, безмужняя неродившая мать, жена, оппозиция "мать / дитя", "The Nart Sagas", archetype of motherhood (maternal element), ambivalent image of mother, mother of all the Narts, virgin mother, wife, opposition "mother - child".
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