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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 7. Part 1. P. 89-92. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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AMANAT (HOSTAGE) INSTITUTION IN RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS REGION IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Muratova Elena Georgievna, Batueva Elina Askerbievna
Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after Kh. M. Berbekov


Abstract. The article is devoted to the consideration of amanat institution in the Russian policy in the Central Caucasus region in the first half of the XIX century as an institution ensuring the implementation of political agreements and as an effective way to keep the conquered peoples in obedience, who had external government by officers in this period and did not have judicial and administrative institutions established by the Russian authorities. It is shown that amanat institution as an effective tool of internal policy was used primarily regarding the so-called "rebellious mountaineers" and as a preventive measure "in struggle against treason". At the same time schools for children-amanats played a major role in the formation of the local pro-Russian elite.
Key words and phrases: политика России, Северный Кавказ, XIX век, аманаты, аманатские школы, Russian policy, North Caucasus, the XIX century, amanats (hostages), amanat schools.
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