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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 10. Part 2. P. 18-21. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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STATE CARE AS A FORM OF STATE CONTROL (BY THE MATERIAL OF THE PROVINCES OF THE CENTRAL BLACK EARTH REGION)

Bezgin Vladimir Borisovich, Erin Pavel Viktorovich
Tambov State Technical University

Michurinsk State Agrarian University


Abstract. The article analyzes the problem of social control over the life of the Russian countryside at the end of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century. The authors examine the efficiency level of Zemstvo chiefs of the Central Black Earth region; identify the attitude of rural population to this form of state care. The paper concludes that implementing state custody was conditioned by objective realia of countryside, satisfy peasant mentality and promote the development of countrymen’s legal culture.
Key words and phrases: сельские общества, земские начальники, власть, крестьяне, сход, волостной суд, закон, преступность, rural communities, Zemstvo chiefs, power, peasants, gathering, volost court, law, crime.
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