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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 12. Part 2. P. 203-205. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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DOMESTIC CRAFTS AND SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES OF THE SOUTHERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN REGIONS OF NIZHNY NOVGOROD PROVINCE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY

Chirkunov Il'ya Vyacheslavovich
National Research Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod


Abstract. The article examines the state and development of non-agricultural activities of the population of the Black Earth regions of Nizhny Novgorod Province in the second half of the XIX - at the beginning of the XX century. Regardless of favourable for cultivation soil and existence of the basic economic pattern in the form of agriculture, in the big southern and south-eastern regions there appeared firstly the centers of domestic craft and later on more developed forms of non-agricultural activities. The Regulations on state trade tax influenced greatly their development. The analysis indicates that formation of certain forms of craft depended directly on natural geographical and historical factors.
Key words and phrases: черноземная полоса, кустарь, промысловый налог, мелкотоварные заведения, производство, black earth zone, handicraftsman, tax on trade, small-scale enterprises, production.
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