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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 5. P. 24-26. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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ABOLITION OF MOSCOW PAROCHIAL CHURCHYARDS AND CREATION OF THE FIRST URBAN CEMETERIES AFTER THE EVENTS OF 1771

Borei Vladimir Il'ich
Moscow Theological Academy


Abstract. The article is devoted to Moscow events of 1771, in particular - to the consequences of the so-called "plague rebellion". The issue of emergence of a new, previously not typical phenomenon - "urban cemetery" - in Moscow town-planning practice is investigated. In addition, the question of the status and significance of cemetery churches in Moscow at the end of the XVIII century is raised and the problem of abolition of the so-called parochial churchyards, which led to the change in sacred space inside the monastery enclosure and around the parochial church, is studied. Researches have not been conducted in this aspect yet.
Key words and phrases: городское кладбище, приходское кладбище, погост, 1771 год, Москва, Екатерина II, реформы, монастырь, XVIII в, сакральное пространство, чума, urban cemetery, parochial cemetery, churchyard, Moscow, Catherine II, reforms, monastery, the XVIII century, sacred space, plague.
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