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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 9. P. 151-153. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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EVOLUTION OF LAW-ENFORCEMENT POLICE IN EUROPEAN RUSSIA TOWNS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY (BY THE EXAMPLE OF SIMBIRSK PROVINCE)

Romanova Anna Valer'evna
Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov


Abstract. The article examines the problem of organizing law-enforcement police forces in the towns of the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX - at the beginning of the XX century. In this connection the author analyzes the process of the structure evolution and different factors determining these changes. The study identifies a number of development stages, analyzes their content, and considers regional specificity. The researcher argues that over the mentioned period the structure of law-enforcement police forces became more complicated, which was conditioned by contradictory processes that occurred in the Russian society.
Key words and phrases: Российское государство, полиция, исполнительная (общая) полиция, городская полиция, городское полицейское управление, полицмейстер, полицейская часть, частный пристав, полицейский околоток, околоточный надзиратель, Russian state, police, law-enforcement (general) police, municipal police, municipal police department, chief of municipal police, police station, superintendent of police station, police ward, warder.
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