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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 1. P. 26-30. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-1.5

AGRARIAN POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY (BY THE MATERIALS OF THE RYAZAN PROVINCE)

Kostyleva Elena Nikolaevna
Ryazan Institute (Branch) of Moscow Polytechnic University


Submitted: 04.02.2018.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the agrarian policy of the Russian Empire at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. The author substantiates that a complex of socio-economic problems in the country was associated with inadequate land support and the communal system of land tenure of the main taxation estate - the peasantry. By the example of the Ryazan province it is shown that the weak sides of the agrarian sector were the following: the unfavorable conditions of land rent, the increased taxation and the decrease in the paying capacity of the rural population, as well as a low level of agricultural intensification. Basing on the analysis of archival materials and on the attraction of data from the periodical press, the paper establishes that the main task of government policy during that period was to grant peasants the free right to leave the community and to assign allotment land to them for personal property.
Key words and phrases: земельное обеспечение, крестьянское хозяйство, общинное землепользование, реформирование аграрного сектора, Рязанская губерния, социально-экономическое развитие, land security, farming, communal land tenure, agricultural sector reform, Ryazan province, socio-economic development.
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