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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 2. P. 18-22. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-2.4

IRKUTSK MUNICIPAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST THE FOOD CRISIS (1914 - FEBRUARY, 1917)

Dolidovich Olesya Mikhailovna
Siberian Federal University


Submitted: 26.02.2018.
Abstract. The article analyzes the efforts of Irkutsk municipal self-government to struggle against the food crisis in the years of the First World War. The author shows that at the first stage (July, 1914 - August, 1915) there was established food commission, which consisted of town councilors. It was not efficient due to its consultative and advisory status, lack of permanent staff, censored membership, deficiency of financing. At the second stage (September, 1915 - February, 1917) the commission was reorganized into the Food Committee, the membership of which was extended cardinally at the expense of the representatives of local public bodies. However they had no full voting status and the Committee was still deprived of organizational and financial autonomy. Under the war conditions there appeared urgent necessity to review the Municipal Regulations of 1892.
Key words and phrases: городская дума, городская управа, городское общественное самоуправление, Иркутск, Первая мировая война, продовольственный комитет, продовольственный кризис, town duma, town council, municipal self-government, Irkutsk, The First World War, Food Committee, food crisis.
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