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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 4. P. 144-148. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Study of Art
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-4.32

ARTISTIC AND FIGURATIVE INTEGRITY OF ARCHITECTURAL DECISION OF LIVADIA PALACE AND SANATORIUM "RODINA (MOTHERLAND)" ON THE SOUTH COAST OF CRIMEA

Shintyapina Evgeniya Sergeevna
Saint Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design


Submitted: 11.04.2018.
Abstract. The article provides an artistic and historical analysis of the architectural decision of Livadia Palace (N. P. Krasnov, 1911) and the sanatorium complex "Rodina (Motherland)" (B. V. Efimovich, 1955) located on the south coast of Crimea. The relevance of the study is in the fact that the author proposes scientifically important in historical context identification of stylistic borrowings, which served as an artistic model for the domestic architects of the beginning and middle of the XX century, who built on the south coast of Crimea. The paper tries to identify common architectural forms, architectural and compositional devices, and elements of internal d?cor, artistic-figurative and style dominants of these architectural objects. The analysis of the mentioned aspect of the problem allows the author to conclude that the architect N. P. Krasnov’s creative work of the beginning of the XX century was based on the same principles, which were used in the building of Soviet recreation complexes of Crimea, in particular, the sanatorium "Rodina" of the middle of the XX century. The originality of the conceptual architectural decisions involves new form-generative devices, artistic eclectic approaches, and usage of engineering and constructive innovations.
Key words and phrases: архитектурно-художественное решение, Южный берег Крыма, стиль, Ливадийский дворец, санаторий, architectural and artistic decision, south coast of Crimea, style, Livadia Palace, sanatorium.
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