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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. 2. P. 19-23. ISSN 2618-9690.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.2.3

"ACTION IS A RIGHT OF THE STATE, OPINION IS A RIGHT OF THE COUNTRY": ASSESSMENT OF THE SITUATION IN THE COUNTRY ON THE EVE OF THE GREAT REFORMS OF THE 1860-1870S BY THE RUSSIAN PUBLIC REPRESENTATIVES

Zavyalova Oksana Olegovna
Southern Federal University


Submitted: 07.12.2018.
Abstract. The article discusses the assessment of the socio-political situation in Russia given by the representatives of the Russian educated society in the second half of the 1850s. The author highlights the main factors and causes that led to the "political revival" of the public and its desire to point out the main problems of the internal political development of Russia that had been accumulated in the previous period and contributed to the countrys defeat in the Crimean War (1853-1856). It is concluded that the views of the Russian educated society representatives of different ideological movements on the domestic political situation in Russia had a significant impact on the development of the general concept and main directions of modernization under the reign of Alexander II and created a favourable socio-cultural context for transformation.
Key words and phrases: , II, , , , , The Russian Empire, Alexander II, The Crimean War, the public, publicity, modernization.
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