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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. 5. P. 50-54. ISSN 2618-9690.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.5.9

HEGUMENS ROLE IN THE RUSSIAN ECCLESIASTICAL-PENITENTIARY SYSTEM OF THE XIX - THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY

Matveeva Evgeniya Sergeevna
Central Russian Institute of Management, Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration


Submitted: 27.02.2019.
Abstract. The author examines subjective (personal) and regional peculiarities influencing exiled prisoners residing in the Russian monasteries in the XIX - at the beginning of the XX century. In the period of intensive modernization and reforms of the second half of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century, the society and the state tried to change the penitentiary system mitigating confinement conditions. The author identified and justified hegumens role in the ecclesiastical-penitentiary system. Using previously unknown archival materials the paper reveals the peculiarities of reforming the domestic penitentiary system at the local level and provides a possibility to reconsider this experience in the modern context.
Key words and phrases: - , , , , , ecclesiastical-penitentiary system, offence against faith and morality, exile to monastery, hegumen, prison congresses.
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