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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 6. P. 30-39. ISSN 2618-9690.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.6.5

SOCIAL SITUATION OF THE BLIND IN RUSSIA ON THE EVE OF OCTOBER 1917 AND IN THE FIRST YEARS OF THE SOVIET POWER

Karlov Sergei Vladimirovich
Siberian Institute of Business, Management and Psychology


Submitted: 08.04.2019.
Abstract. In the article, the place and role of the blind in the Russian society on the eve of the October Revolution of 1917 and in the early years of the Soviet power before the foundation of the All-Russian Society of the Blind in 1923 are analysed. The paper reveals fundamental changes in the social situation of the blind, which occurred after the establishment of the Soviet power. The author concludes that just before October 1917, the blind in Russia lived mainly with the assistance of charity and were separated from the society; that along with positive changes in the social situation of the blind, which occurred in the first years of the Soviet power, there were serious obstacles to their full integration into the society.
Key words and phrases: инвалиды по зрению, Попечительство императрицы Марии Александровны о слепых, благотворительность, Всероссийский союз слепых, социальная политика, Всероссийское общество слепых, положение слепых в обществе, социальная интеграция незрячих, visually impaired people, charitable institution of Empress Maria for the blind, charity, All-Russian Association of the Blind, social policy, All-Russian Society of the Blind, situation of the blind in society, social integration of the blind.
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