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SOURCE:   Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. 8. P. 19-22.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Bannikov Andrei Valer'evich
Saint Petersburg State University

Abstract. Since the days of August the main part of the Roman armed forces was located at the borders of the Empire. In the process of carrying out large-scale offensive operations the Romans tried not to expose some parts of the border, and they formed special expeditionary units (vexillatios), which were sent to the army. In the middle of the III century, when the Empire was attacked on several fronts at the same time, this system proved to be ineffective. Therefore during the time of the emperor Gallienus a separate mobile cavalry corps appeared, which forces the central government could use to repulse a sudden attack of the enemy quickly. This military formation existed until the end of the III century and allowed emperors-Illyrians to cope with external threats and restore the unity of the Roman state.
Key words and phrases: , , , , , , vexillatios, legions, auxiliary forces, Gallienus, cavalry corps, Dalmatian horsemen.
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