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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 10. Part 1. P. 121-125.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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RISORIAL WRITTEN TEXTS IN THE RUSSIAN FOLK WEDDING OF THE XIX-XXI CENTURIES

Matlin Mikhail Gershonovich
Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University named after I. Ulyanov


Abstract. The article describes the typology of risorial wedding written texts of the XIX century and the end of the XX - the beginning of the XXI centuries, the peculiarities of their functioning in the Russian folk wedding are also revealed. It is shown that in the XIX century with the help of written form keeping and retranslation of the verdicts of a toast-master, spells and prayers, which were used as a guarding talisman and partly as amulets, were performed. The risorial imitation of reading a written document, record of an oral text is fixed, with the help of which the parody on such official documents as passport, decree, a list of dowry was created. This tradition reappears in the Russian folk wedding of the end of the XX - the beginning of the XX centuries. Diverse written texts also parody official legal and business documents, they are often read to the addressees and handed them as a remembrance, but function now solely on the first day of the wedding at a wedding table.
Key words and phrases: текст, письменность, устность, смех, пародия, русская народная свадьба, приговор дружки, text, writing system, oral nature, laughing, parody, Russian folk wedding, verdict of a toast-master.
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