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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 12. Part 1. P. 143-147.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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THE YUKAGIR LEGENDS ABOUT YARKHADAN: FOLKLORE INTERPRETATIONS AND LITERARY UNDERSTANDING

Prokop'eva Praskov'ya Egorovna
Institute of Researches in Humanities and Problems of Smaller Peoples of the North of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Abstract. The article examines the origin and the development of a popular image of Yarkhadan and the meaning of literary works, reflecting folk legends about her. The conclusion is made that the name of a cold mountainous river is put in the foundation of the folklore image of Yarkhadan, a river and a girl. The peculiarity of a "frozen" river served the reason for the creation of the topic of an unhappy love in the folklore. On account of the semantics of the name and love collisions in the folklore a dual view concerning the image of the girl Yarkhadan appears: on the one hand, she is the one, who isn’t able to love, on the other hand - she is the one, who overcomes hardships and miseries. In the works by the Yukagir writers S. N. Kurilov "Legends about Yarkhadan" and G. N. Dyachkov "The Rose Seagull" Yarkhadan becomes the symbol of bravery and decisiveness, moral strength and spiritual renovation.
Key words and phrases: лесные юкагиры, легенды о Ярхадане, фольклорный образ, лирическая песня, литературная трактовка, the Forest Yukagirs, legends about Yarkhadan, folklore image, lyric song, literary interpretation.
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