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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 7. Part 1. P. 22-26.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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ENGLISH PREPOSITION AGAINST AND RUSSIAN ПРОТИВ: SEMANTICS AND LOCALIZATION

Volgina Ol'ga Vyacheslavovna
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (Branch) in Arzamas


Abstract. The article considers the spatial semantics of the English preposition AGAINST in comparison to the Russian one, analyzes the relations between locative and functional meanings of the prepositions that suggest the assessment about the possibility of a spatial prototype. The comparison of prepositions in different languages allows determining the place of spatial meanings in the semantic network of both prepositions, revealing the concepts that are relevant to their descriptions, and the specificity of the language encoding for spatial proximity in two languages.
Key words and phrases: семантика предлогов, пространственные предлоги, фронтальная ориентация в семантике предлогов, фронтальная область ориентира, пространственный/непространственный прототип, semantics of prepositions, spatial prepositions, front orientation in semantics of prepositions, frontal area of description point, spatial / non-spatial prototype.
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References:
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