GRAMOTA Publishers suggests publishing your scientific articles in periodicals
Pedagogy. Theory & PracticePhilology. Theory & PracticeManuscript

Archive of Scientific Articles

SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 4. Part 1. P. 119-121.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

License Agreement on scientific materials use.


Kosmodem'yanskaya Viktoriya Igorevna, Gurochkina Alla Georgievna
Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Saint Petersburg

Abstract. By the material of pre-election political debates the article examines the direct and indirect responses-reactions of the candidates in presidents of the United States in the process of their cooperative / non-cooperative interaction. Strategies, used by the communicants and tactics to update them are described. The authors substantiate the position that in political debates speech behaviour of communicants can be extremely unpredictable. Depending on many factors it can be focused both on collaboration and open confrontation.
Key words and phrases: политические дебаты, прямые / непрямые ответные реплики, аргументация, стратегии, тактики, political debates, direct / indirect responses, reasoning, strategies, tactics.
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.


  1. Shperber D., Uilson D. Relevantnost' // Novoe v zarubezhnoi lingvistike. M.: Progress, 1988. Vyp. 23. Kognitivnye aspekty yazyka. S. 212-233.
  2. Brown P., Levinson S. Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. 345 p.
  3. Full Transcript of the Ninth Republican Debate in South Carolina [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: 4224275 (data obrashcheniya: 15.01.2017).
  4. Grice H. P. Utterer‘s Meaning and Intentions // The Philosophical Review. 1969. Vol. 78. № 2. P. 147-177.
  5. Transcript: NPR's Interview with Hillary Clinton [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: (data obrashcheniya: 15.01.2017).

To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

© 2006-2021 GRAMOTA Publishers

site development and search engine optimization (seo):