FORMATION OF WOMEN’S PROSE IN CHINA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY
Zakharova Natal'ya Vladimirovna A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract. The article analyses the formation of the Chinese women’s prose, which evolved as a response to social changes of the beginning of the XX century and was associated with the women’s liberation movement. Due to this movement at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, the Celestial Empire witnessed the formation and development of four informal women’s associations: prose writers, literary translators, authors of political articles and activists demanding women’s freedom from domestic oppression. At the beginning of the XX century, the first professional authoresses appeared. Special attention is paid to the creative work of Qiu Jin, Wang Miaoru and Gao Jian-Hua - the most outstanding authoress of this period whose works cover the issues important for the Chinese women - the right to education, the right to love, freedom when choosing a life path. Though all the above mentioned authoresses refer to "second-rate writers", their works left a significant trace in the history of the Chinese literature.
Key words and phrases: æåíñêàÿ ïðîçà, äâèæåíèå çà îñâîáîæäåíèå æåíùèí, Öþ Öçèíü, Âàí Ìÿîæó, Ãàî Öçÿíüõóà, women’s prose, women’s liberation movement, Qiu Jin, Wang Miaoru, Gao Jian-Hua.
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