GRAMOTA Publishers suggests publishing your scientific articles in periodicals
Pedagogy. Theory & PracticePhilology. Theory & PracticeManuscript

Archive of Scientific Articles

SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 6. P. 278-284.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

License Agreement on scientific materials use.

https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2020.6.52

Word of the Year as Modern Linguistic Phenomenon: Comparative Analysis of Linguistic Singularity (by the Material of the Russian, Spanish and English Languages)

Larionova Marina Vladimirovna
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation


Submitted: 08.12.2019.
Abstract. The study aims to analyse the content of the notion "word of the year" as a linguistic phenomenon chosen annually by linguistic institutions and organisations of the world. The research is novel in that it identifies specifics of realia represented in a word of the year, peculiarities of nominating the linguistic phenomena laying claim to this category and influencing its choice in the comparative context (using examples from English, Spanish and Russian). By means of practical examples for the period of 2013-2018, the chosen linguistic phenomena reflecting evolution processes of cognitive-communicative activity in different countries of the world are analysed; a comparative analysis of linguistic singularity characterising words of the year is conducted. As a result of the study, the main cognitive models forming country-specific winning lexemes in the Russian, Spanish and English linguistic practices are classified.
Key words and phrases: слово года, лексема года, ключевой концепт, социально-политические реалии, метафора, word of the year, lexeme of the year, key concept, socio- political realia, metaphor.
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.

 

References:
  1. Aristotel'. Etika. Politika. Ritorika. Poetika. Kategorii / per. N. I. Novosadskogo. Mn.: Literatura, 1998. 1392 s.
  2. Arutyunova N. D. Yazyk i mir cheloveka. M.: Yazyki russkoi kul'tury, 1999. 905 s.
  3. Bolindzher D. Istina - problema lingvisticheskaya // Yazyk i modelirovanie sotsial'nogo vzaimodeistviya / pod red. i v per. V. V. Petrova. M.: Progress, 1987. S. 23-44.
  4. Burd'e P. Opisyvat' i predpisyvat'. Zametki ob usloviyakh vozmozhnosti i granitsakh politicheskoi deistvennosti / per. s fr. A. Bikbokova // Logos. 2003. № 4-5 (39). C. 33-41.
  5. Vitgenshtein L. Logiko-filosofskii traktat / per. s nem. L. A. Dobrosel'skogo. M.: AST, 2018. 110 s.
  6. Glebkin V. V. Leksicheskaya semantika: kul'turno-istoricheskii podkhod. M.: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ, 2012. 272 s.
  7. Zinov'eva A. V Rossii vybrali samoe populyarnoe slovo 2017 goda [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://sciencepop.ru/ v-rossii-vybrali-samoe-populyarnoe-slovo-2017-goda/ (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  8. Kubryakova E. S. Teoriya nominatsii i slovoobrazovanie. M.: Librokom, 2010. 88 s.
  9. Lakoff Dzh., Dzhonson M. Metafory, kotorymi my zhivem / per. s angl. N. V. Pertsova. M.: URSS, 2004. 256 s.
  10. Larionova M. V., Romanova G. S. Kognitsiya i kommunikatsiya: metafora v ispanskom mediinom diskurse // Filologicheskie nauki v MGIMO. 2019. № 1 (17). S. 26-34.
  11. Medvedev S. Epokha postpravdy [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.svoboda.org/a/28150925.html (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  12. Ortega-i-Gasset Kh. Dve velikie metafory // Teoriya metafory / per. B. V. Dubina. M.: Progress, 1990. C. 68-81.
  13. Slova goda. Gde, kakie i pochemu stali glavnymi v 2017 godu [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.m24.ru/articles/ obshchestvo/27122017/151909 (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  14. Slovo-2018. Podvedeny verbal'nye itogi goda [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://snob.ru/profile/27356/blog/ 146301#comment_884280 (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  15. Shitov A. Kak feik stal lovushkoi vremeni postpravdy [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://tass.ru/opinions/5279290 (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  16. Aporofobia, palabra del a?o 2017 para la Fund?i BBVA [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.fundeu.es/ recomendacion/aporofobia-palabra-del-ano-para-la-fundeu-bbva/ (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  17. Geeraerts D. Diachronic prototype semantics: A contribution to historical lexicology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. 216 p.
  18. Lizcano E. Met?foras que nos piensan: Sobre ciencia, democracia y otras poderosas ficciones. Madrid: Ediciones Bajo Cero / Traficantes de sue?os, 2016. 274 p.
  19. Nomofobia es el miedo a estar sin tel?fono m?vil [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.fundeu.es/recomendacion/ nomofobia-es-el-miedo-a-estar-sin-telefono-movil/ (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  20. "Populismo", la palabra del a?o para la Fund?u [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://cnnespanol.cnn.com/2016/12/30/ populismo-la-palabra-del-ano-para-la-fundeu/ (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  21. Post-truth [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/post-truth (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).
  22. "Youthquake" named 2017 word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries [Elektronnyi resurs]. URL: https://www.theguardian. com/books/2017/dec/15/youthquake-named-2017-word-of-the-year-by-oxford-dictionaries (data obrashcheniya: 25.11.2019).

To Publish Article in the Journal | To show issue content | To show all articles in section | Subject Index

© 2006-2021 GRAMOTA Publishers

site development and search engine optimization (seo): krav.ru