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SOURCE:   Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2021. № 2. P. 403-408.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/phil210015

Predicative and Category of State in Historical Lexicography (by the Materials of "The Dictionary of the Russian Language of the XI-XVII Centuries")

Toporkov Pyotr Yevgenievich
Tsiolkovsky Kaluga State University


Submitted: 14.12.2020.
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to review the main semantic and grammatical issues associated with lexicographic description of the predicative and the category of state in historical dictionaries. Certain aspects of functioning of short adjectives and evaluative nouns in the predicative position, the issues of extending the class of predicatives in the historical perspective are considered in detail. Scientific novelty of the research lies in forming a systemic diachronic approach to solving the issue of the semantic-grammatical status of the predicative as a word class, including in the context of lexicographical studies, as well as in developing a method of comprehensive derivational analysis of predicative units from the standpoint of diachronic linguistics. As a result of the study, the author has considered lexicographic specificity of the predicative in historical dictionaries of the Russian language, described the main regularities in functioning of this word class over the course of the XI-XVII centuries, and specified the lexical-semantic, derivational, morphological and syntactic status of predicative units of various structural types.
Key words and phrases: предикатив, категория состояния, оценочное имя, историческая лексикография, predicative, category of state, evaluative noun, historical lexicography.
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