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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2011. № 2. Part 1. P. 164-177.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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Sokol Vladimir Borisovich
Tyumen State Academy of World Economy, Management and Law

Abstract. In the article the author presents the detailed description of the natural guideline of cognition as it was designated by the founder of phenomenology - Edmund Husserl - with the purpose of the demonstration of its incomplete overcoming in phenomenological researches of Husserl's followers including Martin Heidegger. Thus, the author states the fact and the reasons of the deviation of phenomenological movement from the key methodological principle of its founder, namely from the necessity of the accomplishment of full, i.e. transcendental-phenomenological reduction. The author sees the reason of the inconsistency of philosophical-phenomenological discourse of the XXth century in the so called punctum dolorosum (sore spot) of the methodological procedure of full transcendental-phenomenological reduction. Critically analyzing Husserl's attempts to theoretically overcome the indicated difficulty, the author transfers the problem into the political perspective, specifically designating the psychological structure of the problem field of the paradoxicalness of a phenomenology follower's inner world and thus designates the perspective of finding the way of overcoming the sore spot.
Key words and phrases: естественная и априорная установки, Я и собственное тело, интерсубъективный мир, адекватная и аподиктическая очевидности, два этапа феноменологической редукции, "коперниканский переворот" трансцендентальной феноменологии, акты властвования и привязанности, natural and antecedentguidelines, and one's own body, inter-subjective world, adequate and apodeictic obviousnesses, two stages of phenomenological reduction, "copernican revolution" of transcendental phenomenology, acts of ruling and attac.
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