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SOURCE:    Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2012. № 2. Part 2. P. 121-124.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Culturology
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GERMAN CULTURE AESTHETIC FOUNDATIONS OF THE LAST THIRD OF THE XVIIITH CENTURY: J. G. HAMANN AND J. G. HERDER

Makarov Arkadii Nikolaevich
Kirov State Medical Academy


Abstract. The author discusses the German culture aesthetic foundations of the last third of the XVIIIth century by the example of J. G. Hamann and J. G. Herder's conceptions. Hamann's creativity is important because the German theorist analyzed the problems of intuition as the integral element of a truly creative person. Herder, in turn, was one of the first in Germany who undertook the attempt to place folk art into the centre of aesthetic systems, considered Shakespeare's works in that context, and continued Hamann's work, referring to emotional principles in artistic creativity and national traditions of culture.
Key words and phrases: немецкая культура, эпоха Просвещения, эстетика, И. Г. Гаманн, интуитивизм, И. Г. Гердер, народная культура, Шекспир, German culture, age of Enlightenment, aesthetics, J. G. Hamann, intuitionism, J. G. Herder, folk culture, Shakespeare
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