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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. № 10. Part 2. P. 131-134.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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ENLIGHTENING ACTIVITY OF SOCIETY AND RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH ON PREVENTION OF ALCOHOLISM AMONG RUSSIAN POPULATION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX TH – AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX TH CENTURY

Moshkin Aleksandr Nikolaevich
Belgorod State National Research University


Abstract. The article reveals the enlightening activity of the Russian society and Russian Orthodox Church on prevention of drunkenness and alcoholism in the second half of the XIX th – at the beginning of the XX th century. This phenomenon became widespread due to the system of wine tax farming, and then the introduction of wine monopoly. The article mentions that not only the society but also the clergy worried about this problem. In this regard, temperance associations and brotherhoods were formed and began to act upon the initiative "from below". Their activity was quite successful, despite the attempts of counteraction.
Key words and phrases: просветительская деятельность, алкоголизм, винная монополия, общества и братства трезвости, enlightening activity, alcoholism, wine monopoly, temperance associations and brotherhoods.
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