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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 12. Part 1. P. 37-40.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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RITUALS AND BELIEFS OF THE KARACHAIS RELATED TO CHILDBIRTH (THE END OF THE XIX - THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY)

Bolurova Aminat Niyazbievna
Karachay-Cherkess State University named after U. D. Aliev


Abstract. The article considers the system of customs and rituals related to childbirth. Particular attention is paid to religious and magical practices. The author concludes that the Karachais percieved a child as an equal member of their society immediately after the birth. They understood that children were not only biological beings, but also social ones in the stage of formation. A child was considered as a definite personality, and his/her role was conditioned by the nature of family and the social structure of the people.
Key words and phrases: рождение ребенка, обряды, бабка-повитуха, семья, укладывание в люльку, магические действия, жертвоприношение, childbirth, rites, midwife, family, laying in cradle, magical practices, sacrifice.
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