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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 1. P. 16-23.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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HEROIC WOMEN IN SOCIOPOLITICAL CONTEXT OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR (IN THE PRESS)

Alferova Irina Viktorovna
Bryansk State University named after academician I. G. Petrovsky


Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the formation of the heroic image of the woman in the Russian press during the First World War. By the materials of various periodicals (military, women’s, popular and so on) the author identifies different types of the women’s heroic behavior, and traces back the transformation of the understanding of "heroic" depending on the sociopolitical conditions of its realization: political regime; the success/failure of military activities at the front; directly in the combat environment and in the rearward. The mechanisms of war propaganda action in the press aimed at the formation of the heroic image are partly revealed.
Key words and phrases: Первая мировая война, образ героини, периодическая печать, культурная память, патриотический подъем, пропаганда, World War I, image of heroine, periodical press, cultural memory, patriotic upsurge, propaganda.
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