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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2016. № 1. P. 104-108.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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"GUILTY WITHOUT GUILT" (LIFE CONDITIONS OF ORPHANAGES RESIDENTS OF SVERDLOVSK REGION IN 1948-1949)

Mamyachenkov Vladimir Nikolaevich
Institute of Public Administration and Entrepreneurship of the Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin


Abstract. The article analyzes the life conditions of the children, who resided in the orphanages of Sverdlovsk region in 1948-1949. Relying on archival materials the author provides striking examples characterizing the everyday material and psychological conditions of the orphanages residents in the mentioned period. The paper concludes that these conditions can be considered as hard, and the very system of orphanages in the form that existed in the USSR - as rather defective. The considerable amount of the presented information is introduced into scientific use for the first time.
Key words and phrases: детские дома, послевоенные годы, уровень обеспеченности, питание, одежда и обувь, обслуживающий персонал, дефицит, злоупотребления, orphanages, post-war years, well-being level, food, clothes and footwear, service personnel, deficit, abuses.
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