HUMANISM IN CLASSICAL MUSLIM PHILOSOPHY: ONTOLOGICAL AND GNOSIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS
Giesov Faridun Nuriddinovich Tajik State Pedagogical University named after Sadriddin Aini
Abstract. The article deals with humanistic ideas and conceptions in Muslim philosophy. The approach of Muslim thinkers to a man as a supreme being among all the other living organisms is examined in this context. The author analyzes the views of the representatives of different schools of Muslim philosophy, according to which a man is actually an image of God, and, consequently, he/she deserves to be plenipotentiary in exercising His will on Earth. A man’s virtuous features are substantiated by the researcher with the help of ontological and gnosiological argumentation. The paper also relies on rationalism in Muslim philosophy, which is opposed not to belief in God, but to its separate conceptions.
Key words and phrases: мусульманская философия, гуманизм, теоцентризм, антропоцентризм, мутазилиты, Muslim philosophy, humanism, theocentricism, anthropocentrism, Mu’tazilites.
Open the whole article in PDF format. Free PDF-files viewer can be downloaded here.
Al'-Kirmani Khamid ad-Din. Uspokoenie razuma / vvedenie, perevod s arabskogo i kommentarii A. V. Smirnova. M.: Ladomir, 1995.
Ibn Arabi. Gemmy mudrosti / perevod s arabskogo i kommentarii A. V. Smirnova // Smirnov A. V. Velikii sheikh sufizma (opyt paradigmal'nogo analiza filosofii Ibn Arabi). M.: Nauka, 1993.