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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 3. Part 1. P. 178-181.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philosophical Sciences
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FRANCIS BACON AS A FOUNDER OF METHODOLOGY OF EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE OF THE MODERN AGE

Chelyshev Pavel Valentinovich
The National University of Science and Technology MISiS


Abstract. The article describes the process of the origin of West European methodology of experimental science of the XVII-XVIII centuries in connection with the formation of a new spiritual paradigm of a spontaneously self-asserting man. On the basis of the analysis of F. Bacon’s texts the author critically examines such constituent components of his method as the principle of doubt, idols of cognition, experience and experiment, identifies opportunities and limits of senses and mind in scientific activity in the process of reading "The Book of Nature".
Key words and phrases: Ф. Бэкон, Возрождение, гносеология, индукция, наука, Новое время, логика, методология, методика, мировоззрение, опыт, принципы, сомнение, Средние века, схоластика, эксперимент, F. Bacon, Renaissance, epistemology, induction, science, modern age, logic, methodology, methods, world view, experience, principles, doubt, Middle Ages, scholasticism, experiment.
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