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SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 11. Part 1. P. 94-98.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philosophical Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2018-11-1.19

CIVILIZATION AND EROS IN OSWALD SPENGLER’S HISTORIOSOPHY

Kasimov Ruslan Kharisovich, Zharinov Semen Aleksandrovich
Industrial University of Tyumen


Submitted: 12.09.2018
Abstract. In the article, an attempt is made to explicate Oswald Spengler’s philosophy of love in the context of his civilization studies. Having analysed the traits of Apollonian, Faustian, and magical souls, the authors identify three types of love (aphrodisia, eros, agape), which reveal themselves in the ancient, western and Arab-Byzantine cultures, respectively. The typology of love presented in the work is based on the nature specificity of the opposition ‘I - the Other’ that can be determined for each type: privative, gradual and equipollent. It is revealed that if the first two types of love are somehow characterized by I-centricity, then the true ontology of the Other is found only in the magical form of love - agape.
Key words and phrases: любовь, эрос, агапэ, афродизия, Другой, локальная цивилизация, органицизм, love, eros, agape, aphrodisia, the Other, local civilization, organicism
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