"LIBERATION OF AN ABORIGINAL WOMAN": WORK WITH FEMALE POPULATION OF BURYAT-MONGOLIA IN THE 1920S
Soboleva Anastasiya Nikolaevna, Khomyakov Sergei Vasil'evich Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Abstract. The article analyses the Bolsheviks’ policy of the 1920s to involve women into the social and political life of the country. The study aims to identify the peculiarities and contradictions when implementing this policy under the conditions of a national region. By the materials of the Buryat-Mongol ASSR the authors analyse the activity of local women’s organizations (Red Yurts and Buryat Women’s Centres), discover their role in the building of a new socialist society. The sources containing the fragments of the women’s memoirs of those years are introduced into scientific use. The paper concludes that the gender policy of the Soviet state resulted in improving women’s life quality.
Key words and phrases: êóëüòóðíàÿ ðåâîëþöèÿ, æåíñêèé âîïðîñ, Êðàñíûå þðòû, Äîìà áóðÿòêè, æåíîòäåëû, èäåîëîãèÿ, ëèêáåç, cultural revolution, women’s issue, Red Yurts, Buryat Women’s Centres, women’s departments, ideology, elimination of illiteracy.
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