BRILLIANT JAZZ TRUMPETERS OF THE XX CENTURY AND JAZZ MUSIC DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
Ogorodova Alena Vladimirovna, Orshanskaya Elena Ivanovna, Yagovdik Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Belgorod State University of Arts and Culture
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the creative work of three brilliant jazz trumpeters - L. Armstrong, D. Gillespie and M. Davis, and the degree of their influence on jazz. The authors believe that these performers directed the development of jazz, determined its dominants in the most significant periods of jazz history. Thus, Armstrong became the first ingenious soloist and improviser and demonstrated that jazz is the art of soloists. Gillespie, like Armstrong, overcame technical standards in trumpet performing and brought improvisation to a new level. Davis not only created a different style of trumpet playing, absolutely opposite to Armstrong and Gillespie, but was one of those, who were creating a new type of improvisational thinking, developing modal jazz, and had been defining the stylistic development of jazz for several decades. The main finding of the study is the conclusion that jazz trumpeters, due to their non-triviality and independence of thinking, courage and special "guild" creativity, determined (each in his time) the vector of jazz development and formed its fixed vocabulary.