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SOURCE:   Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2019. № 11. P. 103-107.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2019.11.19

TRADITIONAL HANDCRAFTS OF THE KARACHAY-BALKAR PEOPLE

Tekeeva Zemira Khyisaevna
Umar Aliev Karachai-Cherkess State University


Submitted: 13.09.2019.
Abstract. The article characterizes the trades and crafts of the Karachay-Balkar people in the XIX century. Wool craft and leather craft became popular due to highly developed sheep-breeding, wooden crafts - due to rich forests and metal-working - due to iron deposits. The author describes the basic types of products produced for their own needs and traces the evolution of craft industry under the influence of commodity-money relations and crosscultural communication between the Karachay-Balkar and the Slavonic people. The conclusion is made that trades and crafts are integral complexes.
Key words and phrases: материальная культура, ремесло, войлочное производство, ткацкий станок, металлические изделия, взаимопомощь, взаимовлияние, material culture, craft, felt industry, loom, metal items, mutual assistance, mutual influence.
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