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SOURCE:    Manuscript. Tambov: Gramota, 2020. № 2. P. 145-152.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Philosophical Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/manuscript.2020.2.26

"Hei-ta shih-l?eh" Social and Philosophical Conceptions: Meeting of Civilization and Barbarism

Sulimov Stanislav Igorevich, Tregubova Dinara Dmitrievna, Chernigovskikh Igor' Vasil'evich
Voronezh State University

Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies


Submitted: 18.01.2020
Abstract. The article provides a comparative analysis of the barbarism phenomenon perception by the Chinese and ancient authors. The Chinese diplomats’ reports on lifestyle in the 13th-century Mongol Empire known as "Hei-ta shih-l?eh" are compared with the analogous Roman sources ("The Gallic Wars" by Gaius Julius Caesar, "Germania" by Publius Cornelius Tacitus and "Roman History" by Ammianus Marcellinus). Relying on the ancient and Chinese sources, the authors analyse a generalized "barbarism" image created by the Far Eastern and Roman classics. This image is practically identical for the Chinese and Roman societies (and, more broadly, for any civilized society).
Key words and phrases: варварство, цивилизация, Римская империя, императорский Китай, культурная экспансия, barbarism, civilization, The Roman Empire, imperial China, cultural expansion
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