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SOURCE:   Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice. Tambov: Gramota, 2018. № 1. Part 2. P. 331-334. ISSN 1997-2911.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Philological Sciences
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https://doi.org/10.30853/filnauki.2018-1-2.30

ORIGIN OF SURNAMES IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Kuritskaya Elena Vladimirovna, Degtyarenko Kseniya Andreevna
Branch of Military Educational-Scientific Centre of the Navy "N. G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy" in Kaliningrad


Abstract. This article examines the history of surnames origin in the English language. Examples of the English surnames derived from words of different languages are given. The authors propose the division of surnames according to their origin, taking into account the first name of the ancestor, his residence, as well as social status, occupation, description of his appearance, character and habits. The relevance of the paper is conditioned by the fact that the presented division of the most common surnames according to etymological features gives a more complete picture of the origin of the English surnames and their semantic meanings.
Key words and phrases: фамилии, прозвища, происхождение, древнеанглийский язык, топонимы, суффиксальный формант, префиксальный формант, агентивный суффикс, surnames, nicknames, origin, Old English, toponyms, suffixal formant, prefix formant, agentive suffix.
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