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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 3. Part 1. P. 22-25. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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NIZHNY NOVGOROD MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT ACTIVITY IN SPHERE OF CHARITY AT THE TURN OF THE XIX TH-XX TH CENTURIES

Arkhipova Natal'ya Evgen'evna
Volga State Academy of Water Transport


Abstract. The article basing on the systematization of facts considers the main directions of social assistance to needy citizens by municipal government in Nizhny Novgorod at the end of the XIX th – the beginning of the XX th century. The town officials solved the issues of granting benefits, pensions and credits for the repair and construction of houses to poor citizens, supported almshouses, asylums, dining rooms, and organized the sale of goods at procurement prices. However, the town did not have enough money. Special role was played by Nizhny Novgorod merchant class that provided funds for charity at the disposal of municipal government.
Key words and phrases: благотворительность, богадельня, вдовий дом, приют, ломбард, кредит, пособия, народные чайные и столовые, пенсии, снятие недоимок, charity, almshouse, widow’s house, asylum, pawnshop, allowance, traditional tea houses and canteens, pensions, arrears remov.
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