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Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2014. № 4. Part 2. P. 200-203. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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STATUS OF WOMEN IN THE NORTH CAUCASIAN COMMUNITIES IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY

Shafranova Ol'ga Ivanovna
North-Caucasus Federal University


Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of the status of women in the patriarchal communities of North Caucasus in the XIX - at the beginning of the XX century. On the basis of the analysis of various historical sources (enactments, adats, memoirs of travelers, etc.) the author for the first time made a comparative analysis of the status of women in the highland, Cossack, peasant communities of North Caucasus and concluded that women in different patriarchal type communities had unequal rights and possibilities to influence the society.
Key words and phrases: патриархат, матриархат, женщины, мужчины, обычное право, адаты, казаки, горцы, горские общества, казачьи общины, Северный Кавказ, Россия, patriarchy, matriarchy, women, men, common law, adats, Cossacks, highlanders, highland communities, Cossack communiti.
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