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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2015. № 11. Part 1. P. 171-175. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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SOCIOCULTURAL ROLE OF THE NOBLEMAN IN THE SPACE OF THE RUSSIAN VILLAGE BEFORE AND DURING THE PERIOD OF REFORMS OF THE 60-70S OF THE XIX CENTURY

Seliverstova Natal'ya Matveevna
D. Mendeleyev University of Chemical Technology of Russia


Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the transformation of the sociocultural role of the nobility on the eve and during the period of reforms of the 60-70s of the XIX century in the Russian village. The paper considers the ambiguity of the influence of the nobleman’s Europe-oriented education on his adaptation to the role of the owner of the estate both before and after the abolition of serfdom. The author highlights the positive role of all-classes zemstvos and post-reform courts in the formation of the political culture of the peasantry, including through the interaction of the two classes in their framework.
Key words and phrases: дворянство, помещики, крестьянство, усадьба, образование, рациональное хозяйство, отмена крепостного права, крестьянская реформа, земства, nobility, landowners, peasantry, manor, education, efficient farm, abolition of serfdom, peasant reform, zemstvos.
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