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SOURCE:   Historical, Philosophical, Political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art.
Issues of Theory and Practice
. Tambov: Gramota, 2017. № 10. Part 1. P. 39-43. ISSN 1997-292X.
SCIENTIFIC AREA: Historical Sciences and Archeology
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NOMADIC COMMUNITIES OF YAKUTIA IN THE SOCIAL PROCESSES OF THE XX CENTURY

Vinokurova Liliya Innokent'evna, Grigor'ev Stepan Alekseevich
The Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Abstract. In the presented work the authors consider the history of root nomadic communities of Yakutia in the conditions of social-economic and political transformations of the XX century. The article highlights the most important state initiatives aimed at changing the social conditions of the northern nomads, as well as outlines the main results of the policy implemented in their relation. It is noted that the traditional way of life of nomadic communities has deep historical roots and any interference carries in itself serious threats to their ethno-cultural stability and security.
Key words and phrases: социальная история, кочевые сообщества, малочисленные народы Севера, Якутия, коллективизация, седентаризация, родовые общины, промышленное освоение, social history, nomadic communities, indigenous peoples of the North, Yakutia, collectivization, sedentarization, ancestral communities, commercial exploitation.
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