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SOURCE:    Almanac of Modern Science and Education. Tambov: Gramota, 2013. № 11. P. 133-138.
SCIENTIFIC AREA:    Historical Sciences and Archeology
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Podusov Aleksandr Sergeevich
Moscow City Teachers’ Training University (Branch) in Samara

Abstract. The article is devoted to the ideological struggle between south and north states on slavery question in the XIX th century, which resulted in the Civil War, when about 650 thousand Americans were killed. The principal positions, reasons and arguments of slavery supporters and opponents are considered. The characteristics of the main ideological movements and their leaders are given.
Key words and phrases: история США, рабство, идеология, аболиционизм, гражданские права, Конституция США, Республиканская партия, Гражданская война в США, Реконструкция, he USA history, slavery, ideology, abolitionism, civil rights, The USA Constitution, Republican Party, Civil
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